Vocabulary is? - The Definition of Vocabulary


Vocabulary is? Apa sih definisi vocabulary? What is the definition of vocabulary? Yah begitulah kira-kira jika kita ingin tahu definisi vocabulary. Langsung saja kita awali definisi vocabulary menurut Penny (1991: 60), beliau mengatakan, "Vocabulary can be defined, roughly, as the words we teach in the foreign language."

Menurut Penny, vocabulary "kosakata" adalah kata-kata yang kita ajarkan dalam bahasa asing." Jadi, jika kosakata bahasa baru dianggap vocabulary jika kosakata tersebut berasal dari bahasa asing. Ya, itu sih pendapat Penny, anda boleh setuju ataupun tidak.

Berbeda lagi dengan Barnhart (2008: 697), ia mengartikan vocabulary sebagai berikut, "...(1) stock of words used by person, class of people, profession, etc. (2) a collection or list of words, usually in alphabetical order and defined."

Dan berikut adalah definisi vocabulary dari kamus online merriam-webster :

  1. a list or collection of words or of words and phrases usually alphabetically arranged and explained or defined : lexicon 
  2. a : a sum or stock of words employed by a language, group, individual, or work or in a field of knowledge b : a list or collection of terms or codes available for use (as in an indexing system)  
  3. a supply of expressive techniques or devices (as of an art form)
Dari definisi vocabulary di atas, dapat disimpulkan bahwa vocabulary (kosakata) adalah kumpulan kata ataupun frase yang biasanya disusun secara berurutan dan diterjemahkan (didefinisikan). Yah, berarti seperti kumpulan vocabulary dalam referensi bahasa Inggris ini dong? :-)

Referensi :

Penny Ur. 1991. A Course in Language Teaching: Practice and Theory. Cambridge University Press.
Barnhart, Cynthia A. 2008. The Facts On File Student’s Dictionary of American English. Facts on File, Inc.


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